Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Add/Delete Questions in ACT English 6 Strategies SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Brace yourself for some more ACT English fun. Add/Delete questions are a common type of rhetorical skills question on the ACT English section. These questions ask whether you should add or delete a sentence or phrase within a passage. They test your reading comprehension and ability to analyze sentences within a passage. In this post, I'll do the following: Explain add/delete questions. Teach you the basic constructions of add/delete questions. Provide example questions. Give you strategies and a step-by-step approach for answering this type of question. General Construction of Add/Delete Questions Being able to quickly identify an add/delete question on the ACT will be helpful in determining how to go about finding the answer. Here are the constructions for the different types of add/delete questions you will encounter on the ACT English section. Add Questions This is the general construction of an add question: At this point in the essay, the author is considering inserting the following sentence: Should this sentence be inserted? A. Yes, because... B. Yes, because... C. No, because... D. No, because... Add questions are two part questions. First, you have to determine if the sentence should be added and if it logically fits at that point in the passage. Then, you have to identify the reasoning for why the sentence should or shouldn't be added. Now, let's take a look at the general constructions of delete questions. Delete Questions There are two primary types of delete questions. Type #1: Kept or Deleted This is the construction of the first type: At this point, the author is considering deleting the following sentence: Should this be kept or deleted? A. Kept, because... B. Kept, because... C. Deleted, because... D. Deleted, because... These are also two part questions.You have to determine if a sentence or phrase is relevant at that point in the passage. If it's not relevant, then it should be deleted; it has to be necessary in the context of the passage. Next, you have to determine why it should be kept or deleted. Additonally, there is another type of delete question. Type #2: Primarily Lose This is the general construction of the second type of delete question: The writer is considering deleting the phrase or sentence...If the phrase or sentence was deleted, the sentence or essay would primarily lose: For these questions, you have to analyze the purpose of a phrase in a sentence or the purpose of a sentence in a passage to determine what thesentence or phrase provides to the passage. Follow these steps to right answers! Strategies for Add/Delete Questions After you identify an add or delete question, you need to know the strategies and steps for correctly answering the question. First we'll go over how to tackle add questions. Add Questions The following excerpt is taken from the last paragraph of a passage about fixing raptor feathers: 75. At this point, the writer is considering adding the following true statement: The imping procedure is just one of the many responsibilities bird rehabilitators have. Should the writer make this addition here? Yes, because it reveals the relative importance of imping compared to the other work of bird rehabilitators. Yes, because it reinforces the idea that imping is of great benefit to raptors. No, because it goes beyond the scope of the essay, which focuses on how the feathers of certain types of birds are repaired. No, because it undermines the essay's earlier claim that imping is the most important work that bird rehabilitators do. #1: Analyze the Added Sentence to See What It's Doing The excerpt that I gave you describes the imping procedure. Earlier in the passage, the definition of imping is given: The added sentence is discussing the activities of bird rehabilitators more generally. It's placing the focus on bird rehabilitators and what they do. #2: Refer Back to the Passage to See if the Sentence Should Be Added Given Where It Would Be Placed The added sentence mustbe relevant in context. For our example, thesentence should be related to imping. For ACT English passages, you can typically determine main ideas with the title, and, if necessary, the first couple of sentences of the passage. For our example, the title is Fixing Raptor Feathers. Here are the first couple of sentences: Raptors, or birds of prey, cannot afford to begrounded for weeks waiting for a large number offlight feathers to regrow. They must be able to fly ifthey are to hunt and eat. Based on just the title and the first couple of sentences, we can determine that the focus of the passage is on fixing raptor feathers. Therefore, the sentence would not be an appropriate conclusion because the passage is not focusing on bird rehabilitators or their responsibilities but on the importance and process of fixing raptor feathers. #3: Answer the Yes or No Question First Because the sentence would not logically fit in the context of the passage, we can determine that the answer is no. #4: Eliminate the Two "Yes" Answer Choices or the Two "No" Answer Choices Since we have determined that the sentence should not be added, we can eliminate answer choices A and B. #5: Provide the Reasoning in Your Own Words In my own words, I would say that the sentence should not be added because the passage focuses on fixing raptor feathers, not on the responsibilities of bird rehabilitators. #6: Pick the Answer Choice that Most Closely Matches Your Reasoning Answer choice D is wrong because nowhere in the passage does the essay claim that imping is the most important job of bird rehabilitators. Even though it's possible that imping is the most important job of bird rehabilitators, you can't assume that's true unless it's directly stated or inferred from what's written in the passage. Answer choice C is the onethat most closely matches our reasoning. The added sentence would be outside the scope of the essay because the essay's focus is on fixing raptor feathers. Delete Questions Now that we've covered add questions, let's go through how to answer the two types of delete questions. Type #1: Kept or Deleted The following excerpt is from the first paragraph of a passage on a potter's kiln: #1: Determine the Purpose of the Deleted Portion You have to figure out why the phrase or sentence is included at that point in the passage. What's it doing there? In our example question, the phrase "and transform glazes to glorious colors" provides more information about what a kiln does. #2: Refer Back to the Passage to Determine if the Deleted Portion Is Necessary Given Its Context and the Passage's Focus For our example, we have to determine if providing more detail about the purpose of a kiln is relevant to the essay's focus. Once again, let's look at the title to determine the main idea. The title of this passage is The Potter's Kiln. Providing more information about the purpose of a kiln is indeed relevant to the essay's focus. #3: Answer the Kept or Deleted Question First Because the phrase provides a relevant detail about the passage's focus, the phrase should be kept. #4: Eliminate the Two Kept or Deleted Answer Choices We can eliminate choices C and D because we have determined that the phrase should be kept. #5: Provide the Reasoning in Your Own Words I would say that the phrase should be kept because it provides descriptive information about kilns, the topic of the passage. #6: Select the Answer Choice that Most Closely Matches Your Reasoning Answer choice A is wrong because the phrase has nothing to do with the time-consuming process of painting pottery. The phrase simply mentions that a kiln can transform glazes to glorious colors. Answer choice B is closest to our reasoning. If you follow these steps and comprehend the meaning and function of the deleted portion, you should be able to arrive at the correct answer relatively quickly. Now, here is the process for answering the second type of delete question. Type #2: Primarily Lose Take a look at this actual ACT "primarily lose" question: #1: Determine the Purpose of the Deleted Portion To determine the purpose of the deleted portion, first look at the sentence without the deleted phrases. The sentence would read, "By contrast American society has often been described as one that values youth over age." In that sentence, the contrast is different and less descriptive. Therefore, the phrases make the contrast more descriptive and specific. #2: State What Would Be Lost In Your Own Words We can say that the sentence would be less descriptive and have a different contrast if the phrases were deleted. #3: Eliminate Wrong Answer Choices The correct answer must state the purpose of the phrases. Incorrect answers can sound logical, but they will not match the function of the phrases in the specific sentence. Only consider the specific portion that would be deleted. Answer choice "F" is wrong. The phrases "the vibrant energy of" and "the wisdom and experience gained with" do not show a personal or reflective tone. That's not their purpose in the sentence and there's nothing about those specific phrases that indicates a personal or reflective tone. Answer choice G is wrong. I think we can all admit that there is nothing inherently funny about those phrases. Answer choice J is wrong. Nowhere in the sentence does the author indicate a preference. The phrases are both positive. #4: Select the Answer that Most Closely Matches Your Own Answer choice H is correct. The phrases are details that illustrate the contrast. American society does not just value youth over age, but American society values the vibrant energy of youth over the wisdom and experience gained with age. Let's reviewsome general tips to help you with all add/delete questions. Quick Review: General Strategies Follow this advice when answering add/delete questions. #1: Determine the Purpose of What Is Added or Deleted In order to answer any add/delete question, you need to figure out what purpose theaddition or deletion serves in the sentence. The "primarily lose" questions are directly asking you to determine the purpose of a phrase or sentence. #2: Refer Back to the Passage to Help Determine the Context of Added or Deleted Portions and if Added or Deleted Portions Logically Fit Any added sentence should logically follow the previous sentence and connect to the following sentence. Itshould also be relevant to the focus of the paragraph or passage. A phrase should be deleted if it's not relevant to the purpose of a sentence. A sentence should be deleted if it falls outside the scope of the essay or doesn't logically follow the previous sentence. For delete questions, another good strategy is looking at the sentence or paragraph without the portion the question is asking about. Then, you can more easily determine if deleting that portion would be appropriate. #3: For Two Part Questions, Answer the First Part First For add questions, answer the "yes" or "no" question first. For delete questions, answer the "kept" or "deleted" question first. #4: Eliminate Wrong Answer Choices For two part questions, you can immediately eliminate the two answer choices that don't match your answer to the first part of the question. For "primarily lose" questions, eliminate the choices that don't match the purpose of the phrase or sentence. #5: State Your Reasoning in Your Own Words For all add/delete questions, state why something should be added or deleted ordetermine what would be lost in your own words, before looking at the answer choices. #6: Select the Answer Choice That Most Closely Matches Your Reasoning Ideally, you will see an answer choice that is almost identical to your reasoning. That should be your right answer. If there's no answer choice that matches your reasoning, work backwards to identify the correct answer. Start with a possible answer choice and determine if it correctly answers the question. Or, if time permits, review the question again to make sure you didn't make a mistake. What's Next? Make sure you're comfortable with all of the different types of rhetorical skills questions that appear on the ACT English section. Some examples of these types of questions include macro-logic, relevance, and author main goal. Are you making one of the 8 most common mistakes? Learn how to avoid them with this post. Rhetorical skills like Add/Delete questions are harder if you don't understand the big picture. Make sure you know the best way to approach the passage. Want to improve your ACT score by 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes what you study to your strengths and weaknesses. If you liked this English lesson, you'll love our program.Along with more detailed lessons, you'll get thousands ofpractice problems organized by individual skills so you learn most effectively. We'll also give you a step-by-step program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to study next. Check out our 5-day free trial:
Monday, March 2, 2020
Proof of U.S. Citizenship Documents Proof of U.S. citizenship must be established when dealing with all levels of U.S. government. Documents proving citizenship must be provided when applying for Social Security benefits and when applying for a U.S. passport. Increasingly, states are requiring proof of citizenship when applying for Ã¢â¬Å"enhancedÃ¢â¬ drivers licenses as required by the federal Real ID Act. Documents Serving as Primary Evidence of U.S. Citizenship In most cases, documents serving as Ã¢â¬Å"primaryÃ¢â¬ proof or evidence of citizenship are required. Documents serving as primary evidence of U.S. citizenship are: Birth Certificate or certified copy of Birth Certificate issued by a U.S. State or by the U.S. Department of State (for persons born abroad to U.S. citizen parents who registered the childÃ¢â¬â¢s birth and U.S. citizenship with the U.S. Embassy or consulate);U.S. Passport, issued by the U.S. Department of State;Certificate of Citizenship issued to a person born outside the United States who derived or acquired U.S. citizenship through a U.S. citizen parent; or Naturalization Certificate issued to a person who became a U.S. citizen after 18 years of age through the naturalization process. The Consular Report of Birth Abroad or Certification of Birth should be obtained by persons who were born abroad to U.S. citizens. If you cannot present primary evidence of U.S. citizenship, you may be able to substitute secondary evidence of U.S. citizenship, as described by the U.S. Department of State. Secondary Evidence of U.S. Citizenship Persons who cannot present primary evidence of U.S. citizenship may submit secondary evidence of U.S. citizenship. Acceptable forms of proof of secondary evidence of U.S. citizenship depend on the appropriate situations as described below. Early Public Records Persons born in the United States but unable to present primary evidence of U.S. citizenship may submit a combination of early public records as evidence of your U.S. citizenship. Early public records must be submitted with a Letter of No Record. Early public records should show name, date of birth, place of birth, and preferably be created within the first five years of the personÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Examples of early public records are: Baptismal certificateHospital birth certificateCensus recordEarly school recordFamily Bible recordDoctors record of post-natal care Early Public Records are not acceptable when presented alone. Delayed Birth Certificate Persons born in the United States but unable to present primary evidence of U.S. citizenship because their U.S. Birth Certificate was not filed within the first year after their birth may submit a Delayed U.S. Birth Certificate. A Delayed U.S. Birth Certificate filed more than one year after your birth may be acceptable if: It lists the documentation used to create it (preferably early public records, andIt is signed by the birth attendant or lists an affidavit signed by the parents. If the Delayed U.S. Birth Certificate does not include these items, it should be submitted together with Early Public Records. Letter of No Record Persons born in the United States but unable to present primary evidence of U.S. citizenship because they do not have a previous U.S. passport or a certified U.S. birth certificate of any kind must present a state-issued Letter of No Record showing: Name,Date of birth,The years for which a birth record was searched, andAcknowledgment that no birth certificate was found on file. A Letter of No Record must be submitted together with Early Public Records. Form DS-10: Birth Affidavit Persons born in the United States but unable to present primary evidence of U.S. citizenship, you may submit Form DS-10: Birth Affidavit as evidence of your U.S. citizenship. The birth affidavit: Must be notarized,Must be submitted in person,Must be submitted together with early public records,Must be completed by an affiant who has personal knowledge of birth in the U.S.,Must state briefly how the affiants knowledge was acquired, andShould be completed by an older blood relative. NOTE: If no older blood relative is available, it may be completed by the attending physician or any other person who has personal knowledge of the persons birth. Foreign Birth Documents and Parent(s) Citizenship Evidence Persons who claim citizenship through birth abroad to U.S. citizen parent(s), but are unable to submit a Consular Report of Birth Abroad or Certification of Birth must submit all of the following: Foreign birth certificate (translated into English),Evidence of citizenship of the personsÃ U.S. citizen parent,Parents marriage certificate, andA statement of the personÃ¢â¬â¢s U.S. citizen parent detailing all periods and places of residence or physical presence in the United States and abroad before their birth. Notes See Documentation of U.S. Citizens Born Abroad for additional information.For information on foreign-born children adopted by U.S. citizens, see the Child Citizenship Act of 2000.Foreign language documents should be accompanied by an informal or formal English translation. Unacceptable Documents The following will not be accepted as secondary evidence of U.S. citizenship: Voter registration cardArmy discharge paperSocial Security Card
Saturday, February 15, 2020
How to View Quality Theory from a Contingency Perspective - Essay Example This does not mean that the work process should get routinized. Rather, enough flexibility has to be maintained, in order to meet all kinds of future changes and contingencies. In the modern dynamic business world this is far from being true. Hence there is the need is to develop a contingency approach to the quality management theories. The contingency perspective of quality management states that there can be no single management theory which can be used as a solution in all organizations under every circumstance. Hence all the elements of management, that is planning, organizing, staffing and directing needs to be suited to the requirements of the organization. The various factors upon which such decision making depends, include various environmental factors as well as several internal contingencies. (Stahl, 1999, p 78) The experts believe that the quality management is made up of two aspects namely, quality control and quality learning. Whereas control refers to the use of the quality improvement theories in an organization, learning refers to the use of the same in a contingency perspective. These two elements are also influenced by various moderators like the organizational structure and the environmental uncertainty, which in turn affects the overall performance. The managers need to have an effective balance between these two conflicting goals in the organization, so as to effectively deal with the situational uncertainties of the business. Thus it can be said that the successful working of an organization is dependent on the adaptability of its internal change processes to its external environment and to the contingencies occurring due to the nature of its business. (Giaever, 1998) A question can be asked in this regard, whether the Quality in itself is contingent or not. (Beckford, 2003, p. 151). There may be two dimensions of this question. The first one is the quality, which is determined by measuring the output of the organization.
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Personal Experience Essays - Essay Example I have always considered luck to be a luxury among few people who either have lost hope or prefer receiving free things. During the family vacation in Africa, I had a chance of visiting Maasai Mara national park in Kenya. At first I was reluctant to make the trip; however, after my parents convinced me that it will be a memorable experience, I decided to give it a try. Previously, I preferred visiting playgrounds, friends and making a good use of my bicycle; however, I gave up this opportunity for the memorable experience. Our journey to Kenya was interesting considering that we had many stopovers. It was not my first time to board a plane; however, I felt new and encouraged to work hard and reach the highest level of education. Arguably, this would allow me exploit-varied fields of development while also quenching my thirst for adventure. Consecutively, the opportunity allowed me to have an aerial view of different towns ranging from Amsterdam to Nairobi. Upon our arrival in the city, we received tour guides at the airport, which had earlier been booked by my parents. The first day involved having a taste of the variety foods prepared by the many cultures. The opportunity gave me a first-hand experience to taste what felt like food and others that that I found limited interest in having a bite. Nevertheless, my parents were receptive to the diverse cultures hence an encouragement. Day two was the day to remember that confirmed my worst fears while at the same time changing my view of the entire world. This was a day to take a view of the beautiful wildlife and nature, which has been admired by many people. It was a day to have a personal encounter the lion, Giraffes, baboons, monkeys, and other exciting sceneries only common to many in pictures and national geographic programs. Contrary to other days, I was happy; however, the excitement was laced with
Friday, January 24, 2020
A great chain of events in "Hamlet", Shakespeare's great revenge tragedy, leads to Hamlet's own demise. His necessity for subterfuge allows him to inadvertently neglect is main objective, revenge. So much so that the ghost of his dead father appears to stipulate Hamlet's reserved behavior towards his fathers revenge. "Do not forget. This visitation is to whet thy almost blunted purpose," (83-84) says the ghost in a motivational manner which almost suggests a lack of faith on Hamlet's behalf. Nevertheless, Hamlet is overflowing with faith. Faith in god, faith in himself, even faith in his dead father's ghost a faith that will cost him his life. The untimely "Death" of King Hamlet, Hamlet's father, has sparked a disturbance in the regularity of Denmark. Hamlet's mother has waited "Not so much, not two" (12) months after the Kings death to remarry and her new husband, who coincidentally is King Hamlet's brother, has swiftly embraced the throne. As the plot unfolds, King Hamlet's ghost appears to young Hamlet. He explains the current dilemma and elicits a vengeful feeling from Hamlet, providing young Hamlet with purpose, to "Revenge his foul and most unnatural murder". (25) At first, Hamlet is weary of this appearance, but he compromises his thoughts and put his faith in the ghost. In addition, the ghost even evokes a vow of allegiance from Hamlet. However, at this juncture in time, Hamlet finds himself in a state of disbelief. "And shall I couple hell?" (26) speaks Hamlet once the ghost has departed, suggesting that Hamlet is very doubtful. However, his doubts are subsequently invalidated at the performance of 'The Murder of Gonzago' where he requests a group of players to enact a similar murder to that of King Hamlet's. "I'll have these players play something like the murder of my father before mine uncle.... The plays the thing wherein I'll catch the conscience of the King". (55) Towards the end of the play, Claudius hastily removes himself from the crowd, verifying Hamlet's suspicions. Now, Hamlet not only possesses every reason to believe the ghost, but entrusts his faith in the ghost as well. However, Hamlet's faith does not lie solely in the ghost. He has another kind of faith faith in himself. Hamlet's belief that he can see through his revenge blatantly exemplifies his faith in himself. In several instances, Hamlet requires himself to act mad "To put an Antic disposition on" (30) if you will.
Thursday, January 16, 2020
Technology has taken an uprising since the late 20th century to our world today. Everyone essentially owns some sort of technological device from cellphones to computers. Companies like Microsoft, Xerox and Canon have made our lives simpler and possibly much easier, but there was another company waiting to override the norm and push an industry giant to its limits. Apple Incorporated followed an unconventional path to its recent success in the computer industry, despite being consistently dominated by Microsoft. Apple Inc. s a multinational corporation headquartered in Cupertino, California that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, personal computers and portable digital music players, and mobile communications devices and sell a variety of related software, services, peripherals, and networking solutions. Its best-known hardware products are the Mac line of computers, the iPod, the iPhone, and the iPad. Its software includes the OS X and iOS operating systems, the iTunes, the Safari web browser, and the iLife and iWork creativity and production suites. The company was founded on April 1, 1976, and incorporated as Apple Computer, Inc. on January 3, 1977. The word Ã¢â¬Å"ComputerÃ¢â¬ was removed from its name on January 9, 2007, reflecting its shifted focus towards consumer electronics after the introduction of the iPhone. Apple is the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s second-largest information technology company by revenue after Samsung Electronics and the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s third-largest mobile phone maker after Samsung and Nokia. Fortune magazine named Apple the most admired company in the United States in 2008, and in the world from 2008 to 2012. However, the company has received criticism for its contractorsÃ¢â¬â¢ labor practices, and for AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s own environmental and business practices. As of November 2012, Apple maintains 394 retail stores in fourteen countries as well as the online Apple Store and iTunes Store. It is the second-largest publicly traded corporation in the world by market capitalization, with an estimated value of US$ 414 billion as of January 2013. As of September 29, 2012; the company had 72,800 permanent full-time employees and 3,300 temporary full-time employees worldwide. Its worldwide annual revenue in 2012 totaled $156 billion. In May 2013, Apple had made it to the top ten of the Fortune 500 list of companies for the first time, taking the 6 position, 11 places up from the previous year Innovative Products Currently, AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s iPhone is the yearning of the modern man. Top-notch product design, an intuitive user-interface as well as fancy multimedia internet based services may contribute to its unique market position. Therefore, if not yet accomplished, many software developers are considering getting into the iPhone platform ASAP, serving the market Industry LeadersÃ For the past three years Apple has been known by fortune as the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most admired company. They are known for elegant product design, innovation, customer loyalty, brand-building marketing, and secrecy. Apple Inc. is considered to be as the industry leaders in innovation, design, versatility and customer satisfaction. The products that they introduce every single year a re the best in the challenge. The contenders may have products that are highly dreamed on by them but at a days end more people tend to shine into AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s products. The vision that Apple has to make their wonderful products is carried by none. Their products like the iPhone changed the entire mobile industry. iPhone was innovative that many people as well as the rival companies such as Nokia, Samsung and many other companies were mesmerized by the innovation and technological leap the Apple had achieved by introducing this product. Perks For the past three years Apple has been known by fortune as the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most admired company. They are known for elegant product design, innovation, customer loyalty, brand-building marketing, and secrecy. The financial statement projected that the company will continue to grow because of their product design to meet the consumer needs. The company has seen an increase in demand of products and service. Based on the company historical and projected future earnings and cash flow growth rates, any person who is looking for a smart short to medium term investment, Apple stock would be the right decision. Its steady growth in earnings and dividends can be viewed as acquiring moderate to risky equity. On December 29, 1994, Apple inventory increased to $1 billion. That was the inventory turnover for Apple. Their total revenue rose from $9. 8 billion in 1996 to above 19. 3 billion in 2006, which is a substantial increase of 96. 43% (Shlinds, 2007. ) On July 19, 2011 Apple, announced financial results for its fiscal 2011 third quarter ended June 25, 2011. The company earned quarterly revenue of $28. 57 billion and earned a quarterly net profit of $7. 31 billion. Those billions of dollars in sales had much to do with the sales of the Macs, iPhone, and iPad. The company sold 3. 95 million Macs during the quarter, a 14% unit increase over the year-ago quarter. Apple sold 20. 34 million iPhones in the quarter, representing 142% unit growth over the year-ago quarter. They sold 9. 25 million iPads during the quarter, a 183% unit increase over the year-ago quarter. Apple sold 7. 54 million iPod, a 20% unit decline for the year-ago quarter (www. apple. com. ) Macs, iPhone, and iPad sold in numbers greater than the company expect, but the sales from the iPod decreased. Even though the iPod sales dropped, it has dominated the market digital media player and managed to maintain in the United States. This is Apple best quarter ever with revenue up 82% and profits up 125%. Their cash flow has increased 131% year-over-year, with operations of $11. 1 billion. In December 2010, the cost of goods sold of $16. 4 billion was 61. 5% of revenue. The income statement continued to grow at rates rarely seen at a large company. The company continues to deliver to the marketplace and stimulate customer demand for new programs, products, and technological innovations. The company dominant leadership in virtually every product category it competes is an obvious proof of innovation and well-executed market. However, despite its market leadership, Apple management has traditionally under-promised, yet over-delivered on earnings quarter after quarter. This has been the primary means for the stockÃ¢â¬â¢s sudden ascent in recent years. Companies that grow faster than the operating cash-flow it generates are usual suspects when it comes to balance sheet maneuvering. Liquidity obviously is not a problem for Apple, but this forces the analysts following the company to scramble and keep raising their targets each time Apple consensus. Cash flow quality and earnings structure better reflect the correlation between stock price and the financial statement. Apple sales growth has been inclining, while Resource and Development spending (excluding previously capitalized software and technology acquired in acquisitions) as a percentage of sales has been declining. Any stock has the potential to be successful, but under-utilized assets or small allocations to develop innovative products which drive future profits would not be helpful on returns on assets/investments. Apple has no competition. Apple creates computers, phones, tablets, music players, operating systems, television set-top boxes, lifestyle and productivity software, professional media software, and wireless routers. They also sell movies and music, and they have an application store that so far has not been challenged. Nokia, Samsung, Sony might compete with Apple hardware, but they depend on Microsoft operating system. Microsoft makes operating system for computers and phones, and they produce office and other software similar to AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s, but they lack in hardware. Google with the Android, is not even a single operating system. It is a multitude of operating system versions on multiple devices. If Apple wants to change something on a device, either hardware or operating system, it can just do so. If Nokia, Samsung, or Sony wants to change their operating system, they would have to recieve confirmation from Microsoft. If Microsoft wants to advance their technology, they need buy-in from hardware makers. They make their profits from business-to-business, which mainly consists of selling licenses to its operating system to computer manufacturers and office suites for enterprises. That is not to say that they do not sell to consumers. They have consumer only product lines as the Xbox gaming console, and of course, home user also buy Windows and Office. On the other hand, Apple is primarily a consumer company, and makes most of its profit selling hardware products. This makes the target of AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s site much clearer for marketing, selling, and providing support for its products to consumers. The rest of the technology can only play catch up. A quote from Wayne Gretzky who said, Ã¢â¬Å"Good hockey players play where the puck is. Great hockey players skate to where the puck is going to be. Most of the tech industry is struggling to get where the puck was, (Raymond Meyers, 2011. ) In the previous paragraph I mention Apple did not have any competition, but if I had to choose two it would be Microsoft and Google. Apple leads Microsoft and Google in the S&P 500 in this illustration: Apple $401. 82 -$10. 32 (-2. 50%) Google $520. 66 -$18. 54(-3. 44%) Microsoft $ 25. 06 -$0. 93(-3. 50%) Microsoft is steady declining. Microsoft launched windows Vista; Windows users vigorously had rejected that upgrade. Fewer than 10% of windows users had switched and nearly 5% of windows PCs in use were running windows versions older than XP. Mobile device are steady increasing, which Apple has complete control over. Mobile operating systems account for nearly 3% of all Internet. The percentage of Internet usage on mobile devices has been doubling every eight months. The many tasks that PC handled are taking over by mobile devices. Microsoft was ahead almost as long as people were using PC, but technology has advanced into mobile devices. May 26, 2010 illustrated from mobile devices, Microsoft and Apple were about even at a Market cap of $223 billion, but Apple had increased rapidly to $306 billion, while Microsoft decreases to $212 billion. Apple site is generally more user friendly than Microsoft, and offers a much better experience to consumers who use it to check out the latest Apple products. Apple website is much smaller in scale than MicrosoftÃ¢â¬â¢s site. Apple uses many of white space and subheadings to make everything more readable, yet they keep their website simple by not overusing too many different text. Microsoft hosts many different sites under the Microsoft. com brand, creating a whole ecosystem of sub-sites. Microsoft biggest problem is consistency. There is no global navigation, and there are not many visual clues that tell the user that this is a Microsoft site. Unlike Apple, where the whole site shares one unique visual that mirrors that of their hardware and software, thus creating a powerful brand. Google Android has become the closest smartphone that can stand up to the iPhone dominance. In this graph is shows the sale between smartphones: | Apple has more than three hundred retail stores in ten countries, in addition to an online store that offers its products to the customers across the globe (Apple Inc, 2011). This global network allows the company to develop and launch the products in it markets of America, Asia, and Europe. The company is officially listed as number one company that provides wide range of technology related products in the world after surpassing Microsoft. The company has more than 45,000 employees working on full-time basis and around 3,000 employees worldwide. It was noted that the company had earned the annual sales of around $67 billion US dollars from its worldwide operations (Apple Inc, 2010). The company is listed as one of the most admired companies in the United States and in the World for four consecutive years (Fisher, 2008 Colvin, 2009 Fortune, 2010). Apple products like Mac, iPhone, iPad, and iPod are manufactured in the United States, but the company is outsourcing the production of some of its product parts to the various international and national supply chain partners. For example, iPod are outsourced to its subcontractor in Hong Kong from where it is sent to the outsourced production plant of the company (Linden et al, 2007). The company saves money by outsourcing, but on the other hand, it increases the downsizing and unemployment rate in the United States. Price, place, promotion strategies, product performance, the quality, and reliability of the product, innovative designs as well as the availability of up-to-date software services are factors that can impact the business and profitability of Apple. The focus on manager at this point is the expansion of its smartphones and other media and communication devices. The competitors of Apple have numerous of resources that they can offer the business and consumer products and services similar to AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s products at a low price range. Decrease the price on Apple products by creating resources from other companies will attract more customers.
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
Carl Van Clausewitz once said, Ã¢â¬Å"Courage, above all things, is the first quality of a warrior.Ã¢â¬ In a culture where being a warrior is a very integral part of everyday lives, having courage is a key component of social survival. To have courage means to be able to defend a kingdom by every means possible. It means protecting and ascertaining the wellbeing of the people within oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own kingdom. And above all, courage means remaining loyal to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s king, regardless of the circumstance. This is the warrior culture that Beowulf in Beowulf was a part of successfully as a thane, and the same warrior culture that leads the narrator in The Wanderer to lament past memories. In Beowulf, the fight between Grendel and Beowulf was certainly a nail-biter. In this fight, however, Beowulf shows his courage by doing his absolute best at defending the kingdom by taking on this gruesome monster. Grendel was wreaking havoc on the kingdom to no end. He was killing many and terror izing the citizens greatly. When Beowulf heard of this, as a courageous thane, he stepped in to try to stop this and protect the people. Ã¢â¬Å"HygelacÃ¢â¬â¢s kinsman kept [Grendel] helplessly locked in a handgrip. As long as either lived, he was hateful to the other. The monsterÃ¢â¬â¢s whole body was in pain; a tremendous wound appeared on his shoulder. Sinews split and the bone-lappings burst. Beowulf was granted the glory of winning; Grendel was driven under the fen-banks, fatally hurt, to his desolate lair (LinesShow MoreRelatedSymbolism Of Beowulf716 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagespoem Beowulf, Grendel who is the first monster Beowulf battles snatched up 30 men and it is to be said that beowulf has the strength of 30 men. Beowulf is an epic poem translated by Burton Raffel. In Beowulf there is three battles with three different monsters, Grendel, Grendels mother, and a dragon. The three battles have a symbolic meaning throughout the whole book. The three battles in the epic poem represent more than just two enemies fighting for victory, they are battles between the internalRead MoreThe Threshold Of The Hero847 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThese guardians see if the hero is ready to head into the unknown world and either allow or prevent the hero from crossing the threshold. The watchman of the wall, who served as the Shieldings lookout, represents a threshold guardian by questioning Beowulf and his warriors. When challenging the Geats during their arrival, the guardian asked What kind of men are you who arrive rigged out for combat in coats of mail, sailing here over the sea-lanes in your steep-hulled boat? (Heaney 17). Wulfgar, theRead MoreEssay on Beowulf study guide1576 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages1) Describe how we find King Hrothgar and his response to learning that Beowulf has come to his kingdom. A. The king is sad and depressed that his kingdom has fallen into such a state of disrepair. He is overjoyed to learn that Beowulf, whom he knows from stories and his father, Ecgtheow, has come to fight Grendel. Hrothgar promises Beowulf treasure if he can defeat the monster. 2) In the beginning of Ã¢â¬Å"Beowulf,Ã¢â¬ King HrothgarÃ¢â¬â¢s hall has been deserted for twelve years. In a short essay, tell whyRead MoreCompare and Contrast: Beowulf and Grendel Essay604 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThere are many similarities and differences between the movie Beowulf and Grendel, to the poem. Major differences between the movie and the poem would be Grendel himself. In the poem, he is described as an evil monster born from two demons. In the movie, Grendel is actually human, but known as a troll to the warriors and Danes. The poem doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t give the background of Grendel or show how the Danes killed his father and the possible reason of his revenge, like in the movie. If the witch, Selma, wasRead MoreEssay about Beowulf (Christianity vs. Paganism)664 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Christianity vs. Paganism nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In the story of Beowulf, there is a noticeable struggle between Christianity and Paganism, and the characters personal battle between the two. Throughout the story the characters display actions that lead towards Paganism and Christianity. Contrary to Pagan belief Beowulf is seen as the epitome of good and beneficent to all of mankind. In Beowulf, the people showed their faith and love in God, however due to horrific events, paranoia causedRead MoreAnalysis Of Beowulf And The Three Battles 725 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesBingaman Mr. Strausbaugh British Literature 18 September 2015 Beowulf and the Three Battles According to Michael Delahoyde Kings should display the heroic ideal and be known for an extraordinary and courageous feat or for success in war, all preceded by some boasting. In the epic poem, Beowulf eventually became king and even before that time, the people looked up to him for his bravery and courage. Beowulf bragged often and although battling certain enemies seemed grueling, he keptRead MoreEssay on Beowulf (Christianity vs. Paganism)689 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesChristianity vs. Paganism In the story of Beowulf, there is a noticeable struggle between Christianity and Paganism, and the characters personal battle between the two. Throughout the story the characters display actions that lead towards Paganism and Christianity. Contrary to Pagan belief Beowulf is seen as the epitome of good and beneficent to all of mankind. In Beowulf, the people showed their faith and love in God, however due to horrific events, paranoia caused them to look for a quickRead MoreTheme Of Supernatural In Beowulf1142 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesidea of the supernatural is very prevalent in Beowulf; describe three instances where supernatural beings or ideas come into play and what they add to the plot. In the story of Beowulf there are three different references to supernatural beings. Grendel along with his mother portrays evilness and the other is a fire breathing dragon. In the beginning of the story the narrator describes Grendel to be feared among the town and very strong. As said in Beowulf Ã¢â¬Å"He was spawned in that slime, Conceived byRead More Heroism in Beowulf Essay1449 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBatman are heroes! They possess the two traits that are needed in western civilization to be considered a hero: wisdom and fortitude. These modern heroes have wisdom and fortitude. Did Beowulf possess these traits? Beowulf shows he is a hero through both his wisdom and fortitude throughout his adventures. Beowulf is a great hero because he possesses both wisdom and fortitude. Wisdom is one of the traits of hero, but what is wisdom. Wisdom is the ability to make the right judgment, the right decisionRead MoreTheme Of Violence In Beowulf844 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesancient times. The poem Ã¢â¬Å"BeowulfÃ¢â¬ was written between the eighth and eleventh century by an anonymous author. The poem recounts the story of a brave warrior, named Beowulf, who battles three great monsters. Two of the monsters, Grendel and GrendelÃ¢â¬â¢s Mother, terrorize the people of Daneland and the third monster, the Dragon, lives in Beowulfs homeland. The epic poem Ã¢â¬Å"BeowulfÃ¢â¬ illustrates and normalizes the idea of violence within the Pagan Warrior Culture. In Ã¢â¬Å"The Wrath of GrendelÃ¢â¬ we see the gruesome